Adjusting of technical legislation of the Republic of Serbia with the European legal heritage is of high importance for the economy, as it creates preconditions for increasing exports and provides consumer protection from non-quality products at the local market. Successful application of harmonized technical legislation requires upgrading of the infrastructure required for conformity assessment in the Republic of Serbia which will be in the position to apply the conformity assessment methods that are in accordance with the essential requirements of the compulsory EU Directives. In that way, producers would acquire the right to use the “CE“ labeling for their products, which is the proof of the product being safe for people and environment, and which confirms to the government organizations that the product has had a legal placement on the market. Due to the significance of these activities for the national economy development and for consumer protection, the authorized Conformity Assessment Bodies have to be empowered in compliance with the criteria set out in relevant directives and international standards regulating their field of work. The strengthened products conformity assessment infrastructure would become a technical service where producers wishing to market their products on the EU market could get all necessary technical information and certificates on conformity of their products with the requirements of relevant Directives, as well as to get actual assistance in analyzing and assessing the risks related to usage of the products. The expected project results would considerably help development of the products conformity assessment methods and proceedings, in accordance with the EU harmonized technical regulations, especially regarding the products where technical safety is relevant. This is a precondition for the economy of Serbia to create, in the priority fields, the products of necessary quality that can be competitive in the international market.
The project will include the research of the current situation and the EU requirements related to the field of railway transport safety, with special emphasis on the way of formation and financing, organizational and staffing structure, scope and working methods of so called “Safety Authority”, an entity dealing with the investigation and analysis of rail accidents, as well as proposing measures to raise the level of security. The aim of this part of the research is to propose optimal solution for “Safety Authority” in the Republic of Serbia. Special attention will be devoted to the research related to the potential of Serbian Railways in terms of EU requirements related to the compatibility and interoperability of technical systems, both in the field of technical exploitation characteristics and maintenance. Traffic-technical and organizational requirements that will appear in our railways upon Serbian EU entry, especially on Corridor X, will also be analyzed. Measures to meet these requirements will be proposed. Requirements for intermodal transport will be given special attention. In this regard, the EU environmental requirements regarding rail transport will be analyzed and possibilities of fulfilling the requirements by Serbian Railways will be explored. The situation regarding normative regulation of railway traffic will be explored and activities with the aim of raising this area to the required EU level will be proposed.
The importance of research within this project stems directly from the significance of meeting the economic dimension of competitiveness of the country, i.e., equal participation of Serbia in the European and global market of goods and services. Thus, it is obvious that the companies (the focus of this project is a company) can and must activate all internal technical, technological, human, financial and other resources in order to achieve the required level of competitiveness of goods and services offered in the domestic and foreign markets. It should be emphasized that competitiveness in the domestic market is often underestimated and neglected despite the fact that it is extremely important as it represents the first step on the path towards achieving competitiveness in the European and global market. Competition in the domestic market is occasionally sharper and more complex for some goods and services, primarily due to the effects of some non-economic factors that are, in most cases, political provenances.
The research provides the knowledge base for the implementation of the Spatial Plan of the Republic of Serbia (SPRS), which is expected to be approved this summer, as well as for its role as a strategic framework in integration of general and sectoral policies (1), and in renewal of strategic research, thinking and governance in Serbia (2). The research will be undertaken at three levels: 1) General theoretical and methodological framework; 2) Developmental (analysis of development and contextual factors and their respective roles and impact in defining a new model of strategic thinking, research and governance); and 3) Applicative (new policies, development measures and instruments, and institutional and organizational arrangements and support). Four subprojects are: 1) Renewal of strategic research, thinking and governance in Serbia and the utilization of its territorial capital; 2) New economic and social instruments for the implementation of the SPRS: the aspects of harmonizing various interests and control of conflicts, and accessibility of infrastructure and services; 3) Strategic governance at various regional levels; and 4) Information support to the implementation of SPRS and strategic decision-making. Based on this original research, a new set of instruments will be designed, to provide for a better protection and utilization of the territorial capital of Serbia, under the circumstances of “Europeanization of Serbia outside the EU and with its limited support”.
The subject of this project is improvement of the welding technology for micro-alloyed steels, in order to increase productivity and improve the quality of welded joints. It will be evaluated the following welding processes: a) SMAW, b) GMAW-MIG/MAG, c) FCAW-G with mixture of external shielding medium (Ar, CO2 and O2) and d) FCAW-S. In the mixtures of shielding gases the content of Ar, CO2 and O2 would be different, because the preliminary investigations executed in Fac. of Mech. Eng. in Belgrade showed that the appropriate choice of the shielding gas mixture composition can significantly affect the quality of the weld metal, and therefore the welded joint as a whole. Therefore, it is planned that the Project precisely defines the mix of shielding gases and to compare the obtained quality of welded joints with the quality of joints made by SMAW process. It was planned to made joints by FCAW-S process that is currently increasingly used worldwide in this area. It is also planned to investigate the influence of applied welding technologies on the properties of welded joints by different experimental methods: mechanical testing, metallographic examination and fractographic examination.
The study and interpretation of cultural interaction in the Danube area, research will be aimed at highlighting the role of rivers in shaping perceptions of Serbia in Europe. In this sense, theoretically, it is a imagological, and the methodological, interpretative work, which includes the launch of new theoretical questions, collecting material, analysis, interpretation and testing assumptions about the historical, cultural and geographical importance of the Danube region in Serbia. The significance of this work lies not only in the collection and interpretation of materials such as guides for the trip on the Danube, in travel literature, cartographic views of the Danube and other relevant materials, but also in examining the scale of cultural, economic, commercial and political importance of the river in Serbia and the region of Southeast Europe. Thus, from their point of view and disciplinary aspects, researchers will interpret the significance of the Danube in the development of Serbia and the Balkans, and provide new insights into the role of cultural contact, international relations, expansion of scientific, artistic, economic, political and, in general, the impact of civilization.
The project is dedicated to research activates on advanced techniques for information security regarding data secrecy and authentication control. Accordingly, the main goals of the project are at the following directions: techniques for security evaluation of certain symmetric encryption techniques and authentication protocols; advanced stream ciphers and authentication protocols which provide high security and low implementation complexity; advanced techniques for the key management (including the broadcast encryption ones); advanced techniques for biometric authentication; application of the results achieved within prior steps for developing advanced mechanisms of information security in certain ICT systems including ones related to elements of medical ICT and smart grid.
Subject of research are the remains of the Roman city and military camp Viminacium, which is situated in the counties of the villages Stari Kostolac and Drmno. The importance of Viminacium is that it represents the only Roman city and military camp which is not endangered by modern agglomerations. During Roman times, it had more than 35.000 inhabitants. Viminacium was the capital of the Roman province Moesia Superior, the administrative, economic and cultural centre for the area on the northern border of the Roman Empire. Within the area of the archaeological site Viminacium, during the past several years, multidisciplinary systematical geo-physical research is taking place before archaeological excavations. The application of geo-physical methods includes common work of geo-physicists, electro-engineers and archaeologists. Decisions about convenience of an archaeological site for applications of such methods, its stratigraphy, geo-physical contrast, the overview of archaeological documentation, as well as the project of measuring itself must be a result of common work.It is clear that, for a competent interpretation of geo-physical data, one needs multidisciplinary activity. After geo-physical and archaeological research comes an anthropological analysis and after that an interpretation that explains the population of Viminacium and its material culture. At this moment, the only Roman amphitheatre at the territory of the former province of Upper Moesia is being excavated.
Researchers in mathematical logic and knowledge based systems, graph theory, operational research, cryptology etc., have all made breakthroughs in developing solutions for many problems on which modern technology and everyday life depend. The practice in Serbia shows that results obtained by our scientists remained on a theoretical level. Thus, we propose a concerted effort towards developing ICT applications of these results with the main objectives to:
- strengthen the S&T base in Serbia for the development of ICT as the core of the knowledge-based society and economy,
- utilize the knowledge of advanced mathematical methods, commonly unfamiliar to engineers, for obtaining novel or significantly improving the existing ICTs,
- help reduce the digital divide by unlocking the innovation and creativity of the partners. The project will focus on a limited set of challenges with a firm mathematical background. It will establish cooperation between research groups in mathematics, CS, engineering, telecommunications, and arts and humanities for mutual benefit. We will concern • ICT
as the main research area, and its applications into some key socio-economic challenges (health, power systems, sharing of cultural resources) defined in the national strategy for science:
- Contributions to prediction, prevention, diagnostic and therapeutic approaches (1.2),
- New technologies for renewable energy sources and clean technology (2.2),
- The cultural heritage, creating capital works (7.7).